For several months we have known that a new SAT was coming effective March 2024, and we've known many of the characteristics of the new test including:
Now that we've had a chance to look at released practice tests, what else have we learned that students need to understand?
A Wider Range of Difficulty
If the second module of both the Reading and Writing (RW) and Math sections can be either easier or more difficult and the timing and number of questions is the same, the student who gets the more difficult Module 2 should expect to have to work faster to allow time for some more difficult questions.
The need to challenge students more in the higher difficulty Module 2's has resulted in some types of questions that were not seen on the paper SAT, where every question counted the same. For example, over my 20+ years tutoring the SAT I have told hundreds of students that all they had to know about a semicolon was that it was required to separate two independent clauses and thus avoid a comma splice. Even though I knew there were other ways good writers use semicolons, I avoided bringing that up so as not to burden the student with unnecessary complications. However, here is a sentence appearing in one of the new sample tests, with the correct answer underlined:
Joshua Hinson, director of the language revitalization program of the Chickasaw Nation in Oklahoma, helped produce the world's first Indigenous-language instructional app, Chickasaw Basic, in 2009; an online television network, Chickasaw TV, in 2010; and a Rosetta Stone language course in Chickasaw, in 2015. 
So, my mini-lesson on the semicolon must now include the fact that a semicolon is used to separate phrases or items in a list when the phrases or items themselves contain commas.
More Use of the Calculator
Similarly, in math the student should expect a few problems of a higher level of difficulty than those on the paper SAT. Some of these seem designed to be solved with a calculator, while all the math questions on the paper SAT could be reasonably solved without a calculator. So it's important that the student become knowledgeable of most if not all of the capabilities of the included Desmos calculator.
For example, here's an equation a capable algebra student would use to solve for the dimensions of a box (it's the next to last question in a module 2):
While I was able to solve this equation on paper, I'm not telling how long it took me. I'll be teaching all students how to solve it using Desmos. Just typing in the equation shows its graph – clicking on the x-intercept gives the solution: 8 cm.
Here's the comparison of the timing between the tests: